Antoine Lavoisier

The father of modern chemistry

By Deek V. And Brian L.

Introduction: Antoine Lavoisier was a great and famous French scientist who published many significant reports and papers.  His most famous accomplishments include the discovery of the makeup of water, the discovery of combustion and respiration all as a function of oxygen.  He continued to prove the the Phloigston theory to be consistent, and also INVENTED CHEMICAL NOMENCLATURE!  He made the first modern chemical textbook, and further finished the collaboration of the Law of Conservation of Mass.  He also discovered that diamond was a crystalline form of carbon.  Amazingly, he was the pioneer of stoichiometry and the metric system!

                                                                                                 

     http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Antoine_lavoisier.jpg/300px-Antoine_lavoisier.jpg                                              http://www.general-anaesthesia.com/images/antoine-lavoisier.jpg

Biographical Info

1. Which degrees did he attain in college?

2. When was he elected to the Academy of Sciences and at what age?

3. What did Lavoisier achieve at the Royal Gunpowder and Saltpeter Administration

4. When and why was he killed?

                                                                                                   

                                                                                             http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Hidrogenexp2.gif

The Phloigston Theory/Combustion    

1. What is the phloigston theory?                                                                                                           

2. How did Lavoisier disprove the Phloigston Theory?

3. Describe a few of Lavoisier's steps toward discovering combustion.

Chemical Nomenclature/ Law of Conservation of Mass  

1. What is the name of Lavoisier's book describing the various elements?

2. Name 7 of the elements which were included in this textbook.

3. How did Lavoisier discover the Law of Conservation of Mass, and what is it?

4. Who did Lavoisier work with when discovering the Law of Conservation of Mass?

Conclusion:

Antoine Lavoisier was clearly one of the best scientists of the world who made many significant discoveries in the world of chemistry and science.  He was part of the discovery of oxygen, found the makeup of water, and was the pioneer of stoichiometry.  He influenced the world of chemistry in a positive manner through his many papers, discoveries, and collaborations. 

YOUR TASK: Recreate Lavoisier's groundbreaking table of the elements.  Make sure there's some flair to it!  Good luck!

 

Rubric for Lavoisier Periodic Table of Elements:

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Excellent – The student has clearly put time into the assignment. The project is neat and creative

Good – The project is overall a job well done but the student could have gone the extra mile

Satisfactory – The project is not as developed as it could have. More time should have been spent on the project

Poor – The student did the project very quickly (i.e. a studyhall) and as such should be given a poor grade for lack of work. The project is messy and incomplete

No Attempt – The project wasn’t even attempted or was so poor that the grader refused to look at it

All Elements Present

10

9 - 8

7 - 5

4 - 1

0

All Elements Placed Correctly

7

6

5-4

3 - 1

0

Detailed / Clear Layout

10

9 - 8

7 - 5

4 - 1

0

Creativity

5

4

3

0

0

Done on Computer (Bonus)

+3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rubric for Questions:

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Excellent – The student has done an excellent job and clearly has spent the time doing this assignment.

The responses are neat

Good – The student has done a good job but the answers contain some errors. More time should have been spent. The responses are fairly neat

Satisfactory – The student didn’t spend as much time as he could have on this assignment. There are quite a few errors. The responses are not neat

Poor – The student quickly answered the questions (i.e. at homeroom) and thus, they are not detail and contain many errors. The responses are very messy

Not Answered – The student was so lazy that he didn’t answer the questions or the student never looked at the website

Answers are detailed

10

9 - 7

6 - 3

2 – 1

0

Answers are easy to read

10

9

8

6 - 1

0

All Questions answered

10

8

7 - 5

4 - 1

0

Answers are typed (bonus)

+3

 

 

 

 

All answers are correct (bonus)

+5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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"One will not deny of me, I trust, all the theory the oxidation and combustion, the analysis and decomposition of air by metals and combustible bodies, the theory of acidification, more precise knowledge on the nature of a great numbers of acids, notably"

- Antoine Lavoisier

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